The following example shows how you can use FFMPEG to crop a video without re-encoding.
ffmpeg -i input.mp4 -filter:v “crop=1280:200:0:500” -c:a copy output.mp4
where 1280 and 200 are the output size (width and height) of the cropped video, 0 and 500 are positions where the cropping will start.
If you would like to rip a DVD with multiple audio tracks (e.g. karaoke discs) into individual files for each chapter, you can consider using an old and primitive program called SmartRipper (but it works, even in Windows 10). Change the settings to split files by chapter and you will get a VOB file for each chapter in the DVD title. Rename file extension from VOB to MPG. All audio tracks will be preserved. Download the program from this link. There is no installation; just run the application after unzipping the downloaded file.
The following are two common usages of FFMPEG.
The first command extracts an audio track from a video file in the exact format that it was multiplexed info the video file.
The second example shows how you can adjust the volume of an audio file with re-encoding.
ffmpeg -i input.mpg -map 0:1 -acodec copy -vn output.ac3
ffmpeg -i input.ac3 -filter:a “volume=10dB” output2.ac3
The following command converts an MP4 video to an MPEG video with high quality:
ffmpeg -i input.mp4 -c:v mpeg2video -q:v 5 -c:a mp2 -f vob output.mpg
FFMPEG can be used to convert a video from one format to another. Very often, the video itself to be converted is already encoded in an appropriate format. You just want to convert the container format.
In the following example, the source video is encoded in MPEG-2 in an MKV container. It will be converted to an MPG video. No re-encoding is required since the source video is already in the target format. You can also select one or more audio tracks during conversion if this is part of the requirements.
ffmpeg -i input.mkv -map 0:a:1 -map 0:v -c:v copy -c:a copy output.mpg
If the router runs into a problem of 100% CPU affecting the internet connection, normal courses of actions include re-booting the router, power recycle the router and applying the latest firmware.
If none of the above works, check the computers that have a wired connection to the router. The problem may be caused by one of those computers that require a restart after Windows update. If that is the case, simply restart the computer to finish the update process and the router problem should go away.
If you would like to extract a portion of a video without re-encoding, consider using FFMPEG. The following example illustrates a command to extract a video from the 24th minute line and for 4 minutes 8 seconds, keeping all audio tracks.
ffmpeg -i input.mp4 -c copy -ss 00:24:00.000 -t 00:04:08.000 -map 0:v -map 0:a output.mp4
The example above may result in blank video in the beginning. If it is more important to have the video than audio, the following can be used (which may cause blank audio in the beginning).
ffmpeg -ss 00:24:00.000 -i input.mp4 -c copy -t 00:04:08.000 -map 0:v -map 0:a output.mp4
The most accurate way to extract part of a video is to re-encode (without -c copy), which may result in loss of quality and takes longer to process. This article describes the topic in details.
Here is another use case for FFMPEG. In some projects, after you mixed and matched video and audio streams from different files, the resultant file may not have the default audio stream as desired. You can use the following command to set the default audio stream while you are mixing the video/audio streams.
ffmpeg -i movie.mkv -i audio.dts -map 0:v:0 -map 1:a:0 -map 0:a:0 -c copy -disposition:a:0 default -disposition:a:1 none movie_combined.mkv
Very often you would like to change the not-so-standard resolution of a video to some more common formats, e.g. 4:3 or 16:9. You can try using the following FFMPEG command to achieve this.
ffmpeg -i video_1920.mp4 -vf scale=640:480,setdar=4:3 video_640x480.mp4 -hide_banner
This is another example of using FFMPEG to manipulate video and audio files. In this case, one would like to replace the second audio stream in a video file by another audio file.
Here is the command you may want to try:
ffmpeg -i video.mkv -i audio.mp3 -map 0:v -map 0:a:0 -map 1:a -codec copy output.mkv